Lumbar Spinal Stenosis Outpatient Treatment Guidlines David C. Urquia, MD, Augusta Orthopaedic Associates/Waterville Orthopedics Assumes a neurologically intact patient. Patients with new or evolving deficits should be referred for immediate ortho-spineconsultation.
Patients with very chronic neurological symptoms can be referred for spine surgical consultation without further delay. Unlikechronic radiculopathy patients, the results of surgery for spinal stenosis patients are usually not time-dependent.
Your initial visit will be used to do a good neurological exam and to screen for “red flags” and vascular insufficiency. Lowerextremity arterial insufficiency can be ruled out prior to any spine consultation. If there are no palpable pedal pulses and thepatient has claudication symptoms, send for arterial dopler studies prior to spinal scans.
Initial acute symptom management consists of rest/recumbency and anti-inflammatory medication, usually for 4-6 weeks.
Physical therapy is generally ineffective for spinal stenosis unless the goal is to treat only the mechanical (arthritic) symptoms. These patients usually can control their neurological symptoms with rest/recumbency, so it is even more important for thisgroup of patients to not initiate narcotic therapy or complex polypharmacy.
Oral or parenteral (IM, IV) steroids have little proven efficacy for stenosis, but a single Medrol Dose Pack for the acute onsetof neurological symptoms is not unreasonable.
In neurologically intact patients, MRI scanning usually is unnecessary in the first 4-6 weeks from onset of acute neurologicalsymptoms. If very chronic symptoms exist and the patient has no contraindication to future ESI or spinal surgery, MRI can beordered at the patient’s initial visit.
Usually you are not going to order a lumbar ESI unless a relatively recent MRI has first been performed.
The standard for ESI is for X-ray-directed procedures, rather than “blind” office injections. Although not recommended basedon evidence-based data, my observation is that transforaminal injection technique is superior to interlaminar procedures.
If a patient does not respond meaningfully to the first 1-2 ESI attempts, additional injections are not recommended.
Patients with anatomic spinal stenosis by CT/MRI but with no neurological signs/symptoms (i.e., mechanical back pain only)usually will not respond to injection therapy and will not require surgical management unless some other co-existing spinalinstability exists.
Surgical consultation is recommend for patients with no resolution of acutesymptoms after 4-6 weeks, or any patient with chronic spinal neurologicalsymptoms.
EMG/NCV studies usually are not helpful in the work-up of stenosis patients.
MGMC Musculoskeletal Center15 Enterprise Drive
They may be useful to rule out peripheral neuropathy in select patients, although
neuropathy symptoms are fundamentally different from the classic claudication
Waterville Orthopedics107 FirstPark DriveOakland, ME 04963
Diagnosis,Therapy and Prophylaxis of Fungal DiseasesGuideline vulvovaginal candidosis (2010) of the german society forgynecology and obstetrics, the working group for infections andinfectimmunology in gynecology and obstetrics, the german societyof dermatology, the board of german dermatologists and the germanspeaking mycological societyProf. Dr. med. Werner Mendling, Vivantes – Klinikum im Fr
7. The only amino acid that does not need to enter the A site before entering the P site on a ribosome during the process of translation is methionine. Methionine is coded for by AUG, the start codon, and therefore it is always the first amino acid in a newly synthesized polypeptide. Since it is the first amino acid, there will be no amino acid before it to form a peptide bond with and hence it n