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Art, Architecture and the Indulgence
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In a multi-electron atom, inner electrons partially screen the nuclear charge so that outerelectrons feel a weakened Coulomb force. One can define an effective nuclear charge seenby outer electrons by using the hydrogenic energy equation E = (−13.6 eV)(Zeff /n)2 forthe outer electron’s energy. When the outer electron’s energy is measured by chemists, it iscalled the ionization energy which i
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